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Reverse of a silver penny of King Alfred, bearing the monogram of the letters "LVNDONIA", medieval Latin for London. This silver penny was issued in about 880, the time at which the Anglo-Saxons seem to have regained control of the London area from the occupying Viking forces. The West Saxon king Alfred (ruler of the only surviving independent Anglo-Saxon kingdom) could then lay claim to London, which had formerly been in the kingdom of Mercia. In 886 Alfred went further and re-established London by founding 'Lundenburg' within the walls of the old Roman city, and abandoning the earlier Saxon town of 'Lundenwic' that stood further to the west.
© Museum of London