Late Medieval ceramic floor tile: 14th century

Late Medieval ceramic floor tile: 14th century
3 0 c m
actual image size: 32cm x 21cm

Full image caption

This object is a ceramic floor tile decorated in yellow. The pattern would form one quarter of a circular design. There are two concentric circles - the outer one contains two stags facing each other, the inner one two birds.
Churches and fine houses had floors made of decorated tiles from the 14th century onwards.
Decorated tiles were made of red clay; the designs were stamped into them using wooden moulds, and the impressions filled with fine white clay. When the tile was covered with lead glaze and fired in a kiln, the result was a permanent pattern of brown and yellow. This tile was made in Penn, near High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, where there is still an area called 'Tylers Green'. Tilers in Penn mass-produced tiles like this in the 14th century to supply to builders in London and nearby towns.

© Museum of London

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