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John Philip was a Congregational minister and missionary in the Cape Colony, Africa. To safeguard the civil rights of the free persons of colour within the Cape Colony, he journeyed to Britain in 1835, accompanied by James Read, a veteran missionary who was his closest ally, Read's son, and two converts, Andries Stoeffels, a Khoi-Khoi, and Jan (Dyani) Tshatsoe, a Xhosa chief. The five men gave evidence before Buxton's select committee on Aborigines. It was their evidence and the documents which Philip had sent to the Colonial Office through Buxton that led the British government to order that the conquered territory be returned to the Xhosa. While Philip was not directly responsible for this decision, and indeed may have disapproved of it, he was held to be so by the colonists of the Cape. Engraving.
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