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The Tempest, Act I, Scene 2: The Enchanted Island before Propero's cell. Prospero, Miranda, Caliban and Ariel. John Boydell (1719-1804) made his fortune as a publisher of books, illustrations and engravings.In 1786 he and a group of friends and business associates including his nephew Josiah devised a plan for an ambitious edition of Shakespeare's plays with illustrations by the best artists in England. Financing the project entirely himself, he began immediately to raise a list of subscribers for the volumes, to commission painters to do the illustrations and to open a gallery to exhibit the paintings. Boydell's 'The Shakespeare Gallery' opened in 1789 in Pall Mall, and the first set of engravings based on the paintings was issued in 1791. Ten years passed before the nine-volume folio edition was published in 1802, and in the next year, 1803, Boydell printed the two-volume elephant folios of all the engravings based on the paintings in the gallery.
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