An execution outside Newgate Prison: 19th century
© Museum of London
Full image caption
An execution outside Newgate Prison. Ink and watercolour over pencil. A crowd sits on every available vantage point - even the rooftops - to watch the hanging of three convicts. A streetseller on the left is already selling the Last Dying Speeches of the victims. In the foreground can also be seen a seller of street food, women and men fraternizing and squabbling. The original prison at Newgate was built in 1188. A rebuilding started in 1770 which was incomplete when it was badly damaged during the Gordon Riots in 1780. George Dance took over as architect and the new prison was completed in 1782. It had two sections - a Common area for poor prisoners and a State area for those who could afford more comfortable accommodation. In the first half of the 19th century it was London's chief prison and prisoners were held there before execution. In 1783 the gallows had been moved from Tyburn to Newgate and every Monday morning large crowds would assemble outside.
1805 AD - 1810 AD