William and Mary silver medal: 17th century
© Museum of London
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William and Mary silver medal. This medal, made in Holland, commemorates the pacification of Ireland. This medal alludes to the attitude of the Jacobite party in England and Ireland. The Lion, representing the King, tramples upon a prostrate Hydra; a spaniel fawns submissively at the feet of a lioness in repose, representing the Queen. The background is a view of a distant city and sea with ships. The legend reads: PARCERE SUBIECTIS ET DEBELIARE SUPERBOS (To spare the humble and to subdue the proud) and HIB: PACTA CI))CXCI. (Ireland pacified, 1691). William of Orange was victorious at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, but he struggled for several more years to gain control over the whole of Ireland. William was the Dutch King whom Parliament invited to take over the English throne in 1688, when he also became William III of England. Dutch and Huguenot supporters marched with him to London. During his reign he welcomed craftworkers and other immigrants from the Low Countries to London.
1691 AD - 1700 AD